32 Differences Between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant

32 differences between the old covenant and the new covenant
32 differences between the old covenant and the new covenant

Here are 32 differences between the Old covenant and the New Covenant. The Old Covenant is the Old Testament while the New Covenant is the New Testament.

We can truly say that the Old covenant or Old Testament is the law while the New Covenant is Grace.

See the 8 dispensations.

32 differences between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant

The 32 differences  are;

  1. The old covenant came by Moses while the new covenant came by Jesus Christ (John 1:17)
  2. The old covenant leads to death (kills) while the new covenant gives life (2 Cor 3:6)
  3. The old covenant was ended by Jesus Christ (Roman 10:4) while the new covenant was established by Jesus Christ (Heb 8:6)
  4. The old covenant enslaves (Gal 5:1)while the new covenant makes man free (gives freedom) (John 8:32. 36)
  5. The old covenant leaves man imperfect while the new covenant leaves man perfect (Heb 7:19)
  6. The old covenant exposes sin (Gal 3:19) while the new covenant covers sin (Rom. 4:1-8)
  7. The old covenant cannot give life (2 cor 3.7) while the new covenant gives life (Gal. 3:11, 6:8)
  8. The old covenant was abolished while the new covenant  is in force (Eph:2:15)
  9. The old covenant brings a curse (Gal. 3:10) while the new covenant redeems from curse (Gal. 3:13)
  10. In the old covenant, living is by works while in the new covenant living is by faith (Gal. 3:10-11)
  11. The old covenant is a shadow (Col. 2:14-17) while the new covenant is the reality (Heb. 10:1-18)
  12. The old covenant is a covered glory while the new covenant is glory uncovered (2 Cor. 3:13
  13. The old covenant had many high priests (Heb. 7:23) while the new covenant has only one high priest (Jesus Christ) (Heb. 7:24-28)
  14. The old covenant had earthly priest (Heb. 5:1-4) while the new covenant has heavenly priest (Heb. 9:24, 10:12)
  15. The old covenant makes priest by law while the new covenant makes priests by oath (Heb 7:12,28)
  16. The old covenant had earthly tabernacle (Heb. 9:2) while the new covenant has heavenly tabernacle (Heb. 8:2)
  17. In The old covenant priesthood was in the lineage of Aaron (Aaron priest hood) while the new covenant priesthood is in the melchisedec lineage (melchisedec priesthood) (Heb 7:11,21)
  18. In the old covenant priests (high priest) were sinners (Heb. 5:1-4) while in the new covenant the priest has no sin (Jesus Christ) (Heb. 7:26)
  19. The old covenant was fulfilled (Mat. 5:17-18) while the new covenant is now in force (Heb. 8:6, 10:9)
  20. In the old, the law was written in stone tablets while in the new covenant, the law is written in people hearts (Jeremiah 31:33)
  21. In the old, the Ark of covenant was present as a sign of salvation while in the new covenant salvation is by grace through faith
  22. The old covenant demanded works (doing) while the new covenant only demands  obedience
  23. In the old, Moses and prophets were mediators while in the new covenant, Jesus Christ is the mediator
  24. The old covenant is a covenant of letter while the new covenant is a covenant of spirit
  25. The old covenant needed offering for sin while in the new covenant, Jesus is the perfect sin offering
  26. The old covenant needed statues and ordinances while the new covenant only needs ones heart
  27. In the old covenant, the tabernacle was made with hands while in the new covenant the tabernacle is made without hands
  28. In the old covenant, remembrance of sin was done yearly while in the new covenant, forgiveness and washing away of sin was done once and for all
  29. The old covenant remembers sin (Heb. 10:3) while the new covenant does not remember sin(Heb. 8:12, 10:17)
  30. The old covenant is a ministry of death  while the new covenant is a ministry of life (2 Cor 3:6-7)
  31. The old covenant was written with ink while the new covenant is written with the spirit of God (2 Cor 3:3)
  32. The old covenant is for Israelites only (Det 4: 7-8) while the new covenant is for all men (Luke 22:20)

All glory to the author of the New Covenant, Jesus Christ.

God bless


  1. Hi, I came across you page and I have to disagree with this. The law still applies to everyone today. The two covenants are actually one. Jesus came to abolish the TRADITIONS OF MEN(PHARISEES) not the Law. The law is spoken of as giving LIFE AND BEING HOLY AND GOOD. By the way the definition of sin is TRANSGRESSION OF THE LAW. JESUS IS THE LIVING TORAH. HE CAME TO DIE FOR OUR SINS WHEN WE TRANSGRESS THE LAW AND ALSO CAME AS AN EXAMPLE OF HOW TO KEEP THE LAW. Now yes we are saved through faith in Jesus but we keep the law(torah) as a way of showing love to him. “If you love me keep my commandments”. We must go back to the law as a guide of how to live life and look to Jesus to see how to keep it and as an atonement for our sins. Shalom!

    • Topaz,
      The bible does not say the law gives life. In fact it says just the opposite. If life could come by the law then there is no need for Christ to die. We are under the new covenant, not the old. Read Romans 8. We are not told to keep the law to show love to God, we are told that it takes faith to please Him.

      • Amen Matt.

        ‘If the law could give life then there is no need for Jesus dying on the cross’. But because the law could not save humanity, Jesus died on the cross.

        Salvation is only by grace through faith. Grace is of Jesus Christ and faith in Him.

      • To really have an understanding of the Law, we must study and rightly divide the law into sections – Ceremonial, Moral (civil) and spiritual. What does Paul mean by “the law?” Does he mean that all Old Testament laws have been set aside? Are we now free to murder, kidnap, lie, steal, and so on? Clearly not; (Ro 6:15). Paul is using synecdoche.
        Ceremonial laws are binding only on God’s people as a symbol of separation and of the coming Savior; they are no longer binding on us.
        Moral laws define universal justice for all people; these laws does not lead us to Christ, rather, it shows us that we are sinners and does not tell us how to be redeemed. Moral laws stem from the nature of God. Since God does not change, neither do moral principles (though God may modify specific laws to deal with changing conditions), moral laws are binding “until heaven and earth pass away” (Ma 5:18), it is the eternal law of God which cannot be altered (Hebrews 2:2), and therefore we should continue to obey it. While the moral law of God does not provide salvation (Rom. 3:20; 6:14; Gal. 5:23), it does continue to be used as a mirror reflecting the perfect righteousness of God, a means of restraining evil, and a way to reveal what’s pleasing to God Who not only gave us moral laws like the Ten Commandments (Exod. 20:1–17), but he wrote them on our heart (Rom. 2:14–16). And these laws have not been abolished in Christ (Matt. 5:17–19).
        Spiritual laws are principles which operate all the time. They are used by both God and Satan. We can use them also, once we understand them. It is also useful to remember that God will never go against spiritual laws, since He is the one who created them, just like He created physical law. God created natural things as patterns for things that are found in the spiritual realm, that is, the physical realm is the end product of spiritual laws. There are many aspect of spiritual laws but the key to its working is the same, that is, “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth” Joh 4:24 (KJV).
        Jesus came not to abolish the law but the TRADITIONS OF MEN (PHARISEES), who hold the truth in unrighteousness; which hindered it to be written in man’s heart ( by the Holy Spirit), because the law can only be obeyed by the grace of God which the Holy Spirit alone can make possible. Look at;
        Mt 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. Mt 5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Mt 5:19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. Mt 5:20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
        This argument about the Law is highly contextual, however, worthy to note is these; Ro 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death; 1Jo 5:16 If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray for it. 1Jo 5:17 All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not unto death.
        I shall throw more light in the next episode by God’s grace.

    • The last commandment in the New Testament is written in 1 John 3:23 and encompasses everything else. “…that we should believe on the name of His Son Jesus Christ and love one another, as He gave us commandment.”

  2. wonderful. I luv ur research. All is well. I wt 2 make an enquiry. Pls, i don’t ‘ve ur email 2 post somethings on it. Pls, send it 2 my email sir. God blex u.

  3. anyone can show one verse from bibil that : ‘jesus say, iam God and woship me’ ?


    Quran says that jesus is the messenger of Allah..
    Mozes, ibraheem, noha, adam…etc all are messenger of Allah…

    • 1. I do not think you have ever read the Bible

      2. What you are looking for is stupid ignorant controversies I do not deal with because Jesus Christ through Apostle Paul tells me not to

      3. I cannot waste time speaking of dead gods who cannot raise even a fly from the dead. My time, everything I do an write is only about a Living God; Jesus Christ

      If your god is living why do you bring ignorant controversies here to fight for your god to prove that he is god. Is your god that dead he cannot fight for himself you have to fight for him?

  4. 1 John 3:23, the last commandment in the Bible covers it all. “…that we should believe on the name of His Son Jesus Christ and love one another…”

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