NB: This is a direct continuation from the history of the Middle East conflict in the Bible.
Dan 11:5-6: And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion. And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king’s daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.
Ptolemy, the king of the south, was strong as prophesied, ‘and the king of the south shall be strong’. They shall join themselves together means that the descendants and successors of Ptolemy and Seleucus (the two families), not those very personages, will join themselves together. This prophecy was fulfilled when Ptolemy Philadelphus (Ptolemy II) offered his daughter Berenice Syria for marriage to Antiochus Theos the king of Syria.
This marriage was meant to unite Egypt and Syria and be a peace agreement as prophesied ‘And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king’s daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement’.
The king of the Syria (Antiochus Theos) was married but he divorced his wife, Laodice, and took the daughter of the king of Egypt (Berenice Syra) for marriage. After Ptolemy Philadelphus died, Antiochus Theos took back the wife he had divorced. When the divorced wife came back, she killed Antiochus Theos, Berenice Syra and the child they had. Then the family in Egypt (Ptolemy family) had what happened to their daughter, Berenice Syra, and they declared war on the Syrians.
Dan 11:7: But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail.
Out of the branch of Berenice Syra rose his brother Ptolemy Euergetes (Ptolemy III) who went up with an army and invaded Syria as described in Daniel 11:7-9. This invasion of Syria by the Egyptian was revenge to killing of Berenice Syra and in the invasion the Egyptians rescued their 2500 gods. Years earlier Egyptians gods had been captured in Syria for many years and it is in this invasion by Berenice Syra brother, Ptolemy Euergetes, when the Egyptian gods were rescued and returned to Egypt as prophesied and shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods (Dan 11:8).
Antiochus sons were stirred up by the invasion of the Egyptians. Therefore Antiochus III assembled a great army and come down to Egypt for revenge and in the process they took over Palestine and Israel, which was under Egypt, as part of their empire. This fulfilled the prophecy, but his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through (Dan 11:10).
See that as the Egyptians and Syria move up and down to invade each other, since Egypt is down Israel and Syria is up Israel, they are trembling through Israel reason the two are singled out.
Dan 11:11: And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand.
Then Egypt moved angrily to counter attack the Syrians and the war settled at the centre which is Israel. Syria who came with great multitude of armies was given out to the hands of the Egyptians as prophesied …even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand. And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it (Dan 11:11-12).
Dan 11:13: For the king of the north shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches. Antiochus V, king of Syria, came in the scene and called Greece to come down with him to invade Egypt. Continued in Antiochus Ptolemy wars.